Posts Tagged "cell membrane"

Bacteriorhodopsin

Posted on Aug 18, 2007 in Cellular, Illustration, Molecular

Bacteriorhodopsin

Bacteriorhodopsin is a protein used by Archaea, the most notable one being Halobacteria. It acts as a proton pump; that is, it captures light energy and uses it to move protons across the membrane out of the cell.[1] The resulting proton gradient is subsequently converted into chemical energy.[2] Bacteriorhodopsin is an integral membrane protein usually found in two-dimensional crystalline patches known as “purple membrane”, which can occupy up to nearly 50% of the surface area of the archaeal cell. The repeating element of the hexagonal lattice is composed of three identical...

Read More